Cy Young Award
The Cy Young Award is given to the most outstanding pitcher in each league of Major League Baseball. The award was introduced in 1956 by Commissioner Ford Frick and approved by the Baseball Writers Association of America. The award is named in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young who died a year earlier in 1955.
Roger Clemens has won the award the most times with seven, Randy Johnson has won it five times, and Steve Carlton and Greg Maddux have each won it four times. Gaylord Perry, Pedro Martinez, Randy Johnson, Roger Clemens, Roy Halladay and Max Scherzer have won the award in both leagues. Perry and his brother Jim are the only brothers to win the award. Jim won it in 1970 while Gaylord won it twice, in 1972 and 1978.
The award is voted on by 28 members of the BBWAA (one from each Major League city). The award has used since 1970 a weighted score system. At that time, voters cast a vote for first, second, and third place among the pitchers of each league. In 2010, they began to vote for 5 pitchers in each league. A formula is used to calculate the final scores of each pitcher, where:
Score = 7 * (number of first place votes) + 5 * (number of second place votes) + 3 * (number of third place votes) + 2 * (number of fourth place votes) + (number of fifth place votes)
The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award. If two pitchers receive the same number of votes the award is shared, however this has not occured since the current system was put into place.
- BOLD indicates unanimous selection
Single Award (1956-1966)
|Don Newcombe||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||27-7||0||3.06|
|Warren Spahn||Milwaukee Braves (NL)||21-11||3||2.69|
|Bob Turley||New York Yankees (AL)||21-7||1||2.97|
|Early Wynn||Chicago White Sox (AL)||22-10||0||3.17|
|Vern Law||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||20-9||0||3.08|
|Whitey Ford||New York Yankees (AL)||25-4||0||3.21|
|Don Drysdale||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||25-9||1||2.84|
|Sandy Koufax||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||25-5||0||1.88|
|Dean Chance||Los Angeles Angels (AL)||20-9||4||1.65|
|Sandy Koufax||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||26-8||2||2.04|
|Sandy Koufax||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||27-9||0||1.73|
League Awards (1967-present)
*: Sutcliffe was traded mid-season on June 13. He went 4-5 with a 5.15 ERA with the Cleveland Indians before being traded to the Chicago Cubs where he went 16-1 with a 2.69 ERA to finish the season.
- David Adler: "Pitchers with the most Cy Young Awards", mlb.com, February 3, 2022. 
- Monte Cely: "The Cy Young Award: Individual or Team Recognition ?", in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 35, 2007, pp. 48-53.
- Monte Cely: "Bullpen Cy Young Awards: When and Why Do Relievers Win It?", in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 37, 2008, pp. 95-100.
- Sarah Langs: "Does winning MVP, Cy clear path to Cooperstown?", mlb.com, June 16, 2020. 
- Sarah Langs: "Here's when a Cy Young win leads to a trade: 23 years ago, the Rocket became a Yankee", mlb.com, February 17, 2022. 
- Sarah Langs: "Pitchers to win Cy in 1st year with a new club", mlb.com, February 24, 2022. 
- Andrew Simon: "Ranking every Cy Young Award season", mlb.com, November 14, 2018. 
- Doug Wedge: Pinnacle on the Mound: Cy Young Award Winners Talk Baseball, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 2022. ISBN 978-1-5381-5481-6