Henry Curtis Thompson
- Bats Left, Throws Right
- Height 5' 9", Weight 174 lb.
- High School Jackson (CA) High School
- Debut 1943
- American League Debut July 17, 1947
- Final Game September 30, 1956
- Born December 8, 1925 in Oklahoma City, OK USA
- Died September 30, 1969 in Fresno, CA USA
Hank Thompson was a Negro Leaguer who became one of the earliest black ballplayers in the Major Leagues, arriving as a 21 year-old with the 1947 St. Louis Browns. Over his nine-year career he was an above-average hitter and fielder, and appeared in the 1951 World Series and the 1954 World Series. He also was in trouble with the law a lot.
Becoming a pioneer
Thompson played several years with the Negro League Kansas City Monarchs before his career was interrupted by World War II. A gunner at the Battle of the Bulge, he was discharged a sergeant in 1946. In the winter before the 1947 season, Thompson barnstormed with Satchel Paige's All-Stars, who played against Bob Feller's All-Stars. Back with the Monarchs, he was signed in July of 1947 by the St. Louis Browns and became their first black player some three months after Jackie Robinson had broken the color barrier with the 1947 Dodgers, and just a few days after Larry Doby had become the first black player in the American League. He batted .256 in 27 games before being released in the spring of 1948.
Thompson played for the Monarchs again in 1948, finding his stroke and hitting .375. In the winter of 1948-49 New York Giants scout Alex Pompez saw Thompson and Monte Irvin playing in Cuba and signed them. The pair was sent to the Jersey City Giants in 1949.
Thompson slugged .565 in Jersey City in 68 games that year, then spent half the season in New York with the big league club, drawing walks and hitting for some power. Except for a 14 game stint with the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association in 1951 (where he slugged .774 in 14 games) he was a Major Leaguer from then on.
In the Bigs
Thompson was a multi-talented player who could play a variety of positions. He was a second baseman a couple of years in the majors, was primarily a center fielder one year, and otherwise mostly played third base. As a hitter, he drew walks well, twice finishing in the top five in the league. He hit 20+ home runs three times, and was seventh in the league in slugging in 1953. He hit over .300 once and was among the triples leaders twice. He was twice among the leaders for hit-by-pitch and once for sacrifice flies.
In the 1954 World Series he had an OBP of .611.
Thompson's last major league game was on September 30, 1956, which was also the date of Jackie Robinson's last regular-season major league game. After his major league days he went back to Minneapolis for one year.
When he first faced Don Newcombe on April 20, 1949, Thompson became part of the first all-black batter/pitcher match-up in the majors. When he played in the outfield with Willie Mays and Monte Irvin, he became part of the first all-black outfield in major league baseball. Thompson was the first black player to appear in a second major league. When he and Willard Brown appeared in a line-up together for the 1947 St. Louis Browns, they were the first blacks to appear in a lineup together since the days of Fleet Walker and Welday Walker in the 19th Century. When he played against the Cleveland Indians and Larry Doby in 1947, Thompson and Doby became the first blacks to play a major league game against each other. Thompson was also the first black player for the St. Louis Browns (he was the first black Brown).
The most similar players based on the similarity scores method (through 2008) don't seem to be good comparisons because all (except Whitey Kurowski) have lower Adjusted OPS scores. Thompson has a higher Adjusted OPS than ten of the third basemen in the Hall of Fame, although his career was much shorter than most.
Outside of Baseball
Thompson had many run-ins with the law. He was arrested a couple of times as a teenager (once acquitted). He killed a man in 1948, but it was called justifiable homicide. He also was accused of auto theft and striking a woman, but got off on both charges. He robbed a bar in 1961 but was given probation after the judge read letters from baseball executives. In 1963 he robbed a liquor store and was given ten years in prison, of which he served four years before being paroled.
He then worked as a playground director outside of Fresno, CA.
In September 1969 he had a heart seizure and died at age 43, on the thirteenth anniversary of his last game in the major leagues.
- NAL Runs Scored Leader (1948)
- NAL Home Runs Leader (1947)
- NAL Bases on Balls Leader (1948)
- NAL Stolen Bases Leader (1948)
- 20-Home Run Seasons: 3 (1950, 1953 & 1954)
- Won a World Series with the New York Giants in 1954
Sources include: Biography of Hank Thompson, Thompson page at the NLBPA, African American Pioneers of Baseball, Hank Thompson Wikipedia article viewed 2-24-09, Baseball in Wartime's Hank Thompson article and the SABR Minor Leagues Database.
- Bill Ladson: "First Black player in the AL and NL? Thompson", "The Negro Leagues", mlb.com.