Tristram Edgar Speaker
(The Grey Eagle or Spoke)
- Bats Left, Throws Left
- Height 5' 11½", Weight 193 lb.
- School Polytechnic College
- Debut September 14, 1907
- Final Game August 30, 1928
- Born April 4, 1888 in Hubbard, TX USA
- Died December 8, 1958 in Lake Whitney, TX USA
"You couldn't ask for a better all-around player." — Joe Wood
" . . . there can be no doubt that in Speaker (the Red Sox) possessed the greatest fielding outfielder in the game . . . Furthermore, Speaker was almost as much dreaded for his batting and baserunning as he was for his marvelous fielding gifts." - from an article in Baseball Magazine in 1916
Tris Speaker is not merely a Hall of Famer, but is without question an "Inner Circle" member. In the days before Babe Ruth, Tris Speaker and Ty Cobb were, along with Honus Wagner, quite possibly the most famous major league baseball players. People used to argue about which one of the two was better, much in the way that people later would spar over Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays. Speaker's Hall of Fame plaque, while not settling the issue, calls him the "greatest center fielder of his day" (meaning "the best fielding" center fielder, as there is no argument he was #2 to Cobb in both batting and baserunning).
The three-time World Series ring winning Speaker was almost always among the league leaders in offensive categories. He ranks # 6 all-time with 346 points on the Gray Ink Hall of Fame list, (one ahead of Babe Ruth but six behind #1 Ty Cobb), though vastly behind either in the more important Black Ink totals (at #41 to Ruth's #1 and Cobb's #2). Today he is regarded as trailing Mays and Cobb on the All-Time list of center-fielders (many people following them with Mantle, or Speaker then Mantle) and ahead of Joe DiMaggio and Ken Griffey, Jr..
He is the all-time leader in doubles, with a remarkable 792, topping the AL in two-baggers eight times and finishing second three other times. He was long # 5 all-time in hits with 3514, # 6 all-time in batting average, # 6 all-time in triples, # 9 all-time in Runs Created, # 11 all-time in Runs Scored (in spite of playing during a dead-ball era when runs were scarce), and # 12 all-time in on-base percentage.
He is one of only two players to ever hit 50 doubles and steal 50 bases in the same season.
He was not only the premier fielding center fielder of his day but perhaps of all baseball history, holding career records in assists (449) and double plays (139). He was fast enough that he would play shallow and if a ball was hit over his head he could usually run back fast enough to corral it. His lifetime range factor is much better than era rival Cobb's. Speaker's throwing achievements are all the more remarkable considering they were achieved by throwing with his off hand. At age 10, he was thrown from a horse and broke his collarbone and right arm, causing him to throw lefty the rest his life.
"When I was a rookie, Cy Young used to hit me flies to sharpen my abilities to judge in advance the direction and distance of an outfield-hit ball." - Tris Speaker
Speaker played in 1907 in Houston and in 1908 in Little Rock. He then made his name with the Boston Red Sox before moving to the Cleveland Indians after a contract dispute. He was a player/manager for 8 years, posting a won/loss record of 617-520. A player on three World Series winners, in 1912, 1915, and 1920, he was also the manager in 1920. He hit .306 in Series play. As a manager, he was remarkable for his successful use of platoons at three position in 1920 and 1921 - 1B, LF and RF - at a time when the strategy was not in favor.
Unfortunately, the 1910s were a time when owners were not free with money, and the Red Sox's owner proposed to cut Speaker's salary after the 1915 World Series because Speaker had hit only .322 during the regular season (it was still the fourth-best batting average in the league, but lower than usual for him). Speaker refused to sign and was traded to the Indians. He had played with the pitcher Babe Ruth in Ruth's first full season in 1915, and because of the trade Speaker would miss Ruth's best years as a pitcher as Ruth helped bring two more World Series victories to the Red Sox in 1916 and 1918. Speaker would, however, be joined on the 1920 World Series champion Indians by former Boston teammates Smoky Joe Wood, who had converted at that point from pitcher to outfielder, and Larry Gardner.
Late in their careers both Speaker and Cobb were alleged to have been involved in a thrown game. They were both induced to "resign" as managers, but the charges were weak and they were absolved. As a result, Speaker played his last two seasons with the Washington Senators in 1927 and the Philadelphia Athletics in 1928. In his last season, he has an AL-record streak of 14 consecutive games with an RBI, ending in the first game of a doubleheader on May 30. Interestingly, he would only drive in two runs in the rest of the season.
Speaker is the uncle of Tex Jeanes.
He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on January 19, 1937 by the Baseball Writers Association of America. He continued to be active around baseball after his retirement: for example, when Larry Doby became the first black player in the American League, Speaker worked with him to assure that his skills were up to par for the majors. He made his first Baseball Card appearance in the 1909 T206 Tobacco set.
". . . Cleveland in Tris Speaker has not only a great ballplayer but a magnetic leader who knows how to get 100% from the efforts of his men. The Texan is an unusual type - the most effective manager in baseball today." - from an article written by Grantland Rice in 1921, after Speaker had managed the winner of the 1920 World Series
- AL MVP (1912)
- AL Batting Average Leader (1916)
- 4-time AL On-Base Percentage Leader (1912, 1916, 1922 & 1925)
- AL Slugging Percentage Leader (1916)
- AL OPS Leader (1916)
- 2-time AL Hits Leader (1914 & 1916)
- AL Total Bases Leader (1914)
- AL Singles Leader (1916)
- 8-time AL Doubles Leader (1912, 1914, 1916, 1918 & 1920-1923)
- AL Home Runs Leader (1912)
- 100 RBI Seasons: 2 (1920 & 1923)
- 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 7 (1912, 1914-1916, 1920, 1921 & 1923)
- 200 Hits Seasons: 4 (1912, 1916, 1920 & 1923)
- 50 Stolen Bases Seasons: 1 (1912)
- Won three World Series with the Boston Red Sox (1912 & 1915) and the Cleveland Indians (1920)
- AL Pennants: 1 (1920)
- Managed one World Series Champion with the Cleveland Indians in 1920
- Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1937
|Cleveland Indians Manager
Year-By-Year Managerial Record
|1919||Cleveland Indians||American League||40-21||2nd||Cleveland Indians||replaced Lee Fohl (44-34) on July 19|
|1920||Cleveland Indians||American League||98-56||1st||Cleveland Indians||World Series Champs|
|1921||Cleveland Indians||American League||94-60||2nd||Cleveland Indians|
|1922||Cleveland Indians||American League||78-76||4th||Cleveland Indians|
|1923||Cleveland Indians||American League||82-71||3rd||Cleveland Indians|
|1924||Cleveland Indians||American League||67-86||6th||Cleveland Indians|
|1925||Cleveland Indians||American League||70-84||6th||Cleveland Indians|
|1926||Cleveland Indians||American League||88-66||2nd||Cleveland Indians|
|1929||Newark Bears||International League||81-85||6th||none|
|1930||Newark Bears||International League||38-39||--||none||replaced by Jack Onslow (1-2) on June 26|
|1933||Kansas City Blues||American Association||14-25||--||none||replaced by Nick Allen (43-68) on May 27|
- Doubles, career, 792
- Doubles, left handed hitter, career, 792
- Most seasons leading the league in doubles, 8 (tied)
- Most seasons with 50 or more doubles, 5
- Assists, outfielder, career, 449
- Double plays, outfielder, career, 139
- Charles C. Alexander: Spoke: A Biography of Tris Speaker, Southern Methodist University Press, Dallas, TX, 2007.
- Tim Gay: Tris Speaker: the Rough-and-Tumble Life of a Baseball Legend, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE, 2005. ISBN 978-0803222069
- Don Jensen: "Tristram E. Speaker", in David Jones, ed.: Deadball Stars of the American League, SABR, Potomac Books, Inc., Dulles, VA, 2006, pp. 434-437.
- Steve Steinberg: "Manager Speaker", in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 39, Number 1 (Summer 2010), pp. 49-56.
- Gary Webster: Tris Speaker and the 1920 Indians: Tragedy to Glory, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-6796-9